Diabetes and Gum Disease: A Two-Way Street

Gum Disease

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), half of Americans experience gum diseases. Gum disease is a dental condition that starts with an inflammation of the gums due to an array of reasons. You should treat gum disease as soon as possible, or it will turn into a serious problem. Gum diseases develop for a variety of reasons and can increase the risk of numerous health problems aside from tooth issues. There are two types of gum diseases: Gingivitis, which is a gum condition that begins with inflammation due to genetics or hormonal changes, lifestyle, certain medications, and health issues. If gingivitis is not treated as soon as possible, it will turn into periodontitis, the second, more severe type of gum disease. The plaque will become tartar and result in pockets. The pockets can get infected and make your bone and gum pull away from the teeth.


About one in ten Americans have diabetes, and many of them are not aware of the issue. Diabetes occurs when your body cannot take up glucose in its cells and extra sugar will build up in your bloodstream.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which insulin-producing cells are destroyed. This type can develop at any age but is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Insulin is required to be taken every day by people with Diabetes type1.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type and usually occurs in older people. In this condition, your cells do not respond to Insulin. Prediabetes is the stage before Type 2 diabetes, where the blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not as high as they are in type 2 diabetes.

The common complications of Diabetes are cardiovascular issues, nerve damage, kidney impairment, eye problems, foot injuries, skin infections, hearing loss, depression, dementia, and dental problems. Diabetes symptoms vary based on the type and the reason. Increased thirst, weakness, blurred vision, numbness of fingers and toes, unexpected weight loss, excessive urination, frequent unexplained infections, decreased sexual drive, and dry mouth are the most common symptoms.

Diabetic Diet

Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, having a suitable diet is a helpful way to keep your blood sugar at a healthy level. You can lower the risk of health problems by controlling your blood sugar. The sugar in your blood comes from carbohydrates and that is why it is very important to avoid foods like sweets, sodas, bread, and white rice. However, the right diet for controlling diabetes includes a variety of healthy foods from all food groups.

Diabetes and Gum Disease

Diabetes and gum diseases have a bidirectional relationship: High blood sugar levels can lead to an increased risk of developing gum diseases; in turn, gum issues can increase blood sugar levels.

People with diabetes are more likely to suffer from gum disease if they do not maintain their oral health. The American Dental Association (ADA) has identified a link between diabetes and gum disease. Diabetes can cause oral issues by affecting saliva which plays an important role in controlling bacterial growth, covering tissues, and preventing tooth decay, as well as keeping your mouth hydrated. Changes in saliva will result in a dry mouth, which enables bacteria to grow and finally form plaque. If you do not remove the plaque, it will lead to gum disease, and high blood sugar levels will interfere with the healing process.

When you have an unhealthy blood sugar range, you are more likely to experience oral discomforts such as soreness, bad breath, chewing difficulties, or tooth loss. Periodontal disease is the most common oral disorder affecting people with diabetes. Studies have shown that in the United States, about one-quarter of people with diabetes may experience severe tooth loss.

If you are suffering from Diabetes or you have gum disease, you can easily control the matter and leave your health in good hands by seeking help from qualified dentists who employ advanced methods to treat dental issues.

Backed by decades of experience, our professional staff at Aria Dental offers personalized solutions for your oral problems. Here, we are committed to providing the highest standards of dentistry for all oral issues from routine checkups to complex therapies in a convenient environment.

You can find responses to all your dental queries with various services at Aria center. Our dentists tend to save every tooth with same-day emergency care even on Saturdays. If you are in California, you can easily find us in Orange County . If not, look no further. We are with you on phone for a free consultation.

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